In opposition, supporters of the biological approach and abnormality would argue that their model is supported by innumerable studies, offering validity and reliability to their claims on the development of mental illness. The majority opinion then becomes law, and people have to obey this law.
This happens when a person resists the pressures to conform or obey. This explanation tends to lead to internalisation. For example a senior manager going down to a factory floor may well be viewed with anger if he changed into a set of overalls and plastered grease on his face.
This means that the minority must be clear on what they are asking for and not change their minds, or disagree amongst themselves. To study the roles people play in prison situations, Zimbardo converted a basement of the Stanford University psychology building into a mock prison.
His results and conclusions are given below: Unit 4 Developing through life stages - Health and social care level 3 M2 — Discuss two major theories of ageing in relation to the development of the individual In this assignment I will be discussing two major theories of ageing; I will be referencing this information from a previous assignment.
In this case they were inconsistent in their answers. I am not a threat. Another theory as to why people resist pressures to conform is if they are in an out-group.
Many participants cheated and missed out shocks or gave less voltage than ordered to by the experimenter.
Proximity of Authority Figure People are more likely be obey an authority figure who is in close proximity i. For example a schizophrenia person may believe that they are being controlled by someone or something else, cognitive therapy is used to treat faulty interpretations of these events.
These shocks increased every time the learner gave a wrong answer, from 15 - volts.
This shows when there is less personal responsibility obedience increases. This is despite the fact that many so-called successful relationships continue even though neither partner is really committed to the relationship. They may request researchers make changes to the studies design or procedure, or in extreme cases deny approval of the study altogether.
Brown and Byrne suggest that people might suspect collusion if the majority rises beyond three or four. The more people doing a particular thing, the harder it is for more people not to conform.
Their experiment was based on a mock jury in which groups of three participants and one confederate had to decide on the amount of compensation to be given to the victim of a ski-lift accident.
Individuals internalise the majority opinion because they want to be right. This shows that when a task is easy and the correct answer is obvious, individuals are more likely to stick to their guns and behave independently.
They demanded ever greater obedience from the prisoners. They all developed schizophrenia although the onset and symptoms were very different. Within a very short time both guards and prisoners were settling into their new roles, with the guards adopting theirs quickly and easily.
In contrast a person with a high external locus of control perceive their behaviors as being a result of external influences or luck — e. Similarly, independent people may go along with requests or instructions from those in authority as long as the requests coincide with their own beliefs or values.
During the therapy the therapists allows the patients to come to their alternatives for dealing with maladaptive behaviour by looking for other explanations and coping strategies that is already present in the patients mind.
For example, a policeman, teacher or politician.
Identification is where the subject accepts and believes the group view, because he or she wants to become associated with the group.
Experiments have shown that the most people will conform in an experiment with people doing it and usually levels off around 10 people.
Zimbardo observed the behavior of the prisoners and guards as a researcherand also acted as prison warden. However, most first degree relatives and twins share the same or similar environments so it is difficult to He found that when the task was carried out in a social group, the participants would report estimates of roughly the same value even though they had previously reported quite different estimates as individuals.
For example I did well on the exams because I revised extremely hard. Cognitive- Behavioural therapy is used to treat distorted believes which influences schizophrenic behaviour in maladaptive ways.
Situational Factors The Milgram experiment was carried out many times whereby Milgram varied the basic procedure changed the IV. Minority influence including reference to consistency, commitment and flexibility. Within hours of beginning the experiment some guards began to harass prisoners.
They demanded ever greater obedience from the prisoners. A strength of the study is that it used a standardised procedure because it was a lab experiment.Jun 07, · Of course, people aren't always completely influence by social influence, so what makes someone able to resist social influence?
Resisting Pressures to Conform There are many factors that might make a person resist social influence. For example: The role of allies – One of the key things Asch’s study has shown us is how important having. For instance some P’s said they conformed to fit in with the group, this claim coincides (supports) ‘Normative influence’ which states that people conform to fit.
€ D people conform to the majority. € Identify and briefly discuss two reasons why people have criticised Zimbardo’s prison study. Discuss one or more. Jun 07, · 3) Explanations of why people conform Posted by Sam Cook ⋅ June 7, ⋅ Leave a comment There are three main reasons as to why people conform, normative social influence, informational social influnece and social impact theory.
Independent behaviour describes how some people are able to resist pressures to conform or obey. Outline 2 explanations for independent behaviour (4 marks) 4 AO1 marks. Discuss one or more explanations of why people resist the pressure to conform (8 marks) AQA Psychology A Level Psya2 January Past Questions Discuss research into conformity (8 marks).Download